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Gaubert Philippe

DEEP

Chargé de Recherche IRD
Chercheur associé au CIIMAR - University of Porto, Portugal

Icone contact Email

FR/ Mes investigations se nourrissent des interactions entre sciences de l’évolution et biologie de la conservation. J’appréhende les patrons de diversification à différentes échelles au sein de plusieurs groupes de Mammifères, à travers des approches de phylogénie / phylogéographie / génétique des populations. L’objectif final de ma recherche est la meilleure connaissance des dynamiques évolutives et de l’écologie de taxons à valeur patrimoniale et la mise en place de protocoles décisionnels de gestion / conservation notamment basés sur l’outil moléculaire.

EN/ My investigations feed from the interaction between evolutionary sciences and conservation biology. I study the patterns of diversification of several groups of mammals across different scales, through a multi-scale approach covering phylogenetics, phylogeography, and population genetics. The ultimate goal of my research is to (i) assess the evolutionary dynamics and ecology of heritage taxa and (ii) implement decision-making management protocols based on molecular tools for conservation applications.

 

Main research lines:

- Molecular tracing of the African bushmeat trade.

- Evolution of an "EDGE clade" (pangolins) and traceability of its worldwide traffic.

- Conservation genetics of the Mediterranean monk seal.

- Comparative phylogeography of African mammals in the tropics.

- Molecular ecology of African Carnivores.

 

Funded projects:

- ANR-17-CE02-0001 (2017-2021): PANGO-GO - Pangolins going extinct: Tracing the local-to-global trade of the most trafficked mammals on Earth with evolutionary-based toolkits.

- Fondation Prince Albert 2 de Monaco (2018-2020): Conservation genetics of the Mediterranean monk seal.

- Direction Générale Environnement, Brussels (2017-2018): CITES identification of illegal meat samples, including bushmeat, seized at Belgian airports.

- JEAI RADAR-BE (2018-2020): Renseigner l’accès durable aux ressources naturelles au Bénin.

- Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia / IC&DT (2018-2021): BUSHRISK - Tracking the bushmeat: a molecular framework for tracing the African bushmeat trade and risks of emerging diseases.

 


Selected recent bibliography:

Amroun, M., Bensidhoum, M., Delattre, P. & Gaubert, P. (2014) Feeding habits of the common genet (Genetta genetta) in the area of Djurdjura, north of Algeria. Mammalia, 78, 35-43.

Barros, T., Ferreira, E., Rocha, R.G., Gaubert, P., Bandeira, V., Souto, L., Mira, A. & Fonseca, C. (2016) Genetic signature of the northward expansion of the Egyptian mongoose Herpestes ichneumon (Herpestidae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 118, 686-697.

Denys, G.P.J., Tedesco, P.A., Oberdorff, T. & Gaubert, P. (2016) Environmental correlates of body size distribution in Cyprinidae (Actinopterygians) depend on phylogenetic scale. Ecology of Freshwater Fish, 25, 125-132.

Esquer Garrigos, Y., Hugueny, B., Koerner, K., Ibañez, C., Bonillo, C., Pruvost, P., Causse, R., Cruaud, C. & Gaubert, P. (2013) Non-invasive ancient DNA protocol for fluid-preserved specimens and phylogenetic systematics of the genus Orestias (Teleostei: Cyprinodontidae). Zootaxa, 3640, 373-394.

Esquer-Garrigos, Y., Hugueny, B., Ibañez, C., Zepita, C., Koerner, K., Lambourdière, J., Couloux, A. & Gaubert, P. (2015) Detecting natural hybridization between two vulnerable Andean pupfishes (Orestias agassizii and O. luteus) representative of the Altiplano endemic fisheries. Conservation Genetics, 16, 717-727.

Gaubert, P., Bloch, C., Benyacoub, S., Abdelhamid, A., Pagani, P., Djagoun, C.A., Couloux, A. & Dufour, S. (2012) Reviving the African wolf Canis lupus lupaster in North and West Africa: a mitochondrial lineage ranging more than 6,000 km wide. PLoS One, 7, e42740.

Gaubert, P., Del Cerro, I., Centeno-Cuadros, A., Palomares, F., Fournier, P., Fonseca, C., Paillat, J.-P. & Godoy, J.A. (2015) Tracing historical introductions in the Mediterranean Basin: the success story of the common genet (Genetta genetta) in Europe. Biological Invasions, 17, 1897-1913.

Gaubert, P., Njiokou, F., Olayemi, A., Pagani, P., Dufour, S., Danquah, E., Nutsuakor, M.E.K., Ngua, G., Missoup, A.-D., Tedesco, P.A., Dernat, R. & Antunes, A. (2015) Bushmeat genetics: setting up a reference framework for the DNA-typing of African forest bushmeat. Molecular Ecology Resources, 15, 633-651.

Gaubert, P., Antunes, A., Meng, H., Miao, L., Peigné, S., Justy, F., Njiokou, F., Dufour, S., Danquah, E., Alahakoon, J., Verheyen, E., Stanley, W.T., O’Brien, S.J., Johnson, W.E. & Luo, S.-J. (in press) The complete phylogeny of pangolins: scaling up resources for the molecular tracing of the most trafficked mammals on Earth. Journal of Heredity,

Gaubert, P., Njiokou, F., Ngua, G., Afiademanyo, K., Dufour, S., Malekani, J., Bi, S.G., Tougard, C., Olayemi, A., Danquah, E., Djagoun, C.A.M.S., Kaleme, P., Mololo, C.N., Stanley, W., Luo, S.-J. & Antunes, A. (2016) Phylogeography of the heavily poached African common pangolin (Pholidota, Manis tricuspis) reveals six cryptic lineages as traceable signatures of Pleistocene diversification Molecular Ecology, 25, 5975-5993.

Liu, Y.-H., Wang, L., Xu, T., Guo, X., Li, Y., Yin, T.-T., Yang, H.-C., Yang, H., Adeola, A.C., J. Sanke, O., O. Otecko, N., Wang, M., Ma, Y., S. Charles, O., S. Sinding, M.-H., Gopalakrishnan, S., Samaniego, J.A., Hansen, A.J., Fernandes, C., Gaubert, P., Budd, J., M. Dawuda, P., Rueness, E.K., Jiang, L., Zhai, W., Gilbert, M.T.P., Peng, M.-S., Qi, X., Wang, G.-D. & Zhang, Y.-P. (2017) Whole-genome sequencing of African dogs provides insights into adaptations against tropical parasites. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 35, 287-298.

Papeş, M., Cuzin, F. & Gaubert, P. (2015) Niche dynamics in the European ranges of two African carnivores reflect their dispersal and demographic histories. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 114, 737-751.

Zhang, H., Miller, M.P., Yang, F., Chan, H.K., Gaubert, P., Ades, G. & Fischer, G.A. (2015) Molecular tracing of confiscated pangolin scales for conservation and illegal trade monitoring in Southeast Asia. Global Ecology and Conservation, 4, 414-422.